Understanding Camera Shooting Modes
The image quality can be better if you understand the shooting modes of your camera to select the most proper one for your photos. Below, I’d like to list give major shooting modes and the explanations of the functions of each mode.
You commonly see the shooting modes which are abbreviated by several characters on your camera. The most common characters are P, A (or AV), S (or TV), and M, which is often on the top panel of the camera. And the fifth mode named “Auto” also appears on your camera. Let’s figure out the differences of these modes.
The Auto Shooting Mode
As mentioned in the name of the dial, you can use this mode to shoot photos without having to set up anything. The aperture, shuttering speed, ISO as well as the white balance are already properly configured if you select this mode. And when you’re capturing images under low light condition, the popup flash will be automatically fired up. This mode is nice when you are trying to get used to the camera. In addition, it is especially great when you want to shoot something fast because you do not want to take time to adjust the settings manually. You can easily the auto mode in the shape of a green box among the dials.
The Program Shooting Mode (abbreviated as P)
This mode is kind of a semi-automatic feature. You can adjust the white balance, ISO and the flash while other settings are controlled by the camera. For instance, instead of having the flash automatically fired, you can raise the ISO number for photos shot under inadequate lighting conditions. This is nice when you do not want washed-out images indoors that caused by the flash. This Program Mode is nice for those who begin to get used to the camera’s functions.
The Aperture Priority Shooting Mode (abbreviated as A or AV)
This mode allows to control over the aperture setting (or f-stop). This means that you can control over not only the lighting amount going through the camera lens but the depth of field. You’ll certainly need this when you are worried about taking control over the amount of the image that is in focus (for example, depth of field), and you are capturing a stationary image when the shutter speed is not affected.
The Shutter Priority Shooting Mode (abbreviated as S or TV)
In this mode, the shuttering speed is prioritized over other settings. This mode is also great for times when you like to make use of long exposures. You can adjust the shuttering speed while the proper aperture shall be set up by the camera. This mode is especially helpful when you want to shoot moving subjects, for example, about sport and wildlife.
Manual Mode (M)
This mode is commonly used by advanced photographers for most of the time, as the photographer can manually control all the settings of this camera. You yourself will care about all the functions to make sure that the lighting situations and other shooting aspects are proper for the photos. However, it requires use to thoroughly understand all the functions and their relationships, especially the way that the shutter speed and aperture is mutually related.